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Most Westerners claim to know a great deal about Japan and Tokyo, its vibrant capital city, from various popular culture references. From Godzilla to the Harajuku District's outrageous fashions, which have inspired Hollywood celebrities such as rocker Gwen Stefani, Tokyo's popular culture is definitely familiar to the Western consciousness. Tokyo has also established a reputation as a city at the forefront of technology and innovation. Along with New York City and London, Tokyo is one of the top economic cities in the world. It hosted the 1964 Summer Olympics and remains a candidate city for the Games in 2020.
Tokyo has come a long way from its beginnings as a fishing village called Edo. It has shown resilient spirit over the years, and been rebuilt twice during the twentieth century, due to earthquakes and fire-bombings during World War II. While its cityscape is purely modern, Tokyo still holds fast to its traditional culture and past. This city has long been a popular destination for expat English teachers, so let this guide help you as you begin your research.
Special Note: Some English teachers express reluctance about coming to Tokyo in the wake of the 2011 earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear crisis. It must be noted that Tokyo does have earthquake-resistant architecture, so damage from that earthquake was minimal. The Tohuko area in the northeast did have schools closed and teachers relocated to other locations. Tokyo also has experienced minimal risk from nuclear radiation. Schools are still hiring, and still need English teachers.
As with anywhere else, do your research and use caution anywhere you go. Most English teachers chose to stay in Japan and even help out with relief efforts. They testify to the incredible spirit of the Japanese to come together after such a disaster. If you are concerned, visit your embassy websites for the latest information. Americans can also register for the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program.
In recent years, Japanese schools now require schoolchildren to learn English in school. Additionally, due to Tokyo's position as one of the top business cities in the world, many companies want their employees to speak and understand English. As a result, there are plenty of opportunities for native English teachers, especially in teaching children and teaching business English to adults. The application process can be competitive, so if you see an opportunity you like and you are ready for the experience, go for it!
The JET Programme is the most popular and publicized government-sponsored program in Japan. It's a huge initiative by several authorities of the Japanese government, including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, to promote globalization and international relationships between Japan and other countries. You can work as an ALT (Assistant Language Teacher), Sports Exchange Advisor (SEA), or Coordinator for International Relations (CIR). The JET Programme welcomes candidates from 40 different countries. They typically start recruiting in September, depending on your country, and offer year-round contracts. Interested applicants should apply through the Japanese Embassy or Consulate in their home countries. The program does place teachers and other candidates in positions all around Japan, and Tokyo is a hotspot. These positions often require at least a Bachelor's degree, and they prefer teaching certification and experience if you are interested in an ALT position. These positions are competitive and the application process takes a long time, do your research and be prepared to ace the interview!
The JET Programme is certainly not the only way to teach English in Tokyo. Just like in Korea and Taiwan, there are private after-hours cram schools (called eikaiwa) located throughout Tokyo. You could be teaching children who come after their regular school, or adults who attend classes either in the mornings or in the evenings after work. These schools tend to hire year-round. Some of them offer housing for their teachers; others may provide a housing allowance. Some may provide airfare, while others may not. Also similar to Korea and Taiwan, there are large cram school chains in Tokyo, such as AEON and Gaba.
The public school system has an application process of about four to six months, and recruits native English teachers around the springtime and in August. Working hours are usually 8:30 a.m. until 4:30 or 5:00 p.m. You get vacation time that the regular teachers receive, and you work alongside a Japanese co-teacher. Interested public school teachers, also called ALTs, can go through recruiting groups.
Tokyo is a thriving international city and as such, there are definitely international schools that can be an attractive option for a Western teacher. Hours are what you would expect from a regular school in your home country, as well as job expectations, such as grading papers and developing lesson plans. Students at international schools can be from various countries. International schools do ask their teachers to have teaching credentials from their home countries and appropriate experience. There is the American School in Japan, established in 1902.
English teachers can make anywhere from $20 to $45 USD per hour teaching private students. However, exercise caution: most contracts with schools will not allow private tutoring, as it could be viewed as competition and distraction from your duties. Also, it is not allowed for English teachers to tutor students from their school. If you want to accept private students, do it discreetly.
Jobs are offered year-round at most private language schools, especially in the big chains. The public schools hire around March - April and in August, near the beginning of new semesters. While it may be easier to find work when you're already in Japan, it may be easiest to take care of your visa beforehand. Gather your documents and find the sponsorship of your employer before you leave your home country.
For visa purposes, English teachers should have at least a Bachelor's degree. Many schools prefer candidates with a 4-year degree. Other qualifications vary from school to school; some prefer TEFL/TESOL certification, and some want formal teacher certification from the home country. If you are teaching in a university, they would like a Master's degree.
In 2012, Tokyo was named the most expensive city for expats to live in, according to The Economist and Mercer Intelligence Units. However, it is certainly possible for an English teacher to find reasonably-priced accommodations. Keep in mind that some schools will offer their teachers accommodations, usually shared kitchens and bathrooms and separate bedrooms. Tokyo is a densely-populated city, so apartments are smaller than what Westerners are used to.
An English teacher could end paying anywhere from $500 to $2000 USD per month for an apartment rental, depending on the neighborhood, size, amenities, etc. Most expats tend to live in one of the following four wards of Tokyo. Minato is a high-end neighborhood, close to much of Tokyo's nightlife. Akasaka is where the U.S. Embassy is located. The Meguro District is the most affordable. While the Shibuya District is home to the insane, iconic Shibuya Crossing that appears in many movies, Shibuya's neighborhoods are quieter and enjoyed by many expats. Check out Expat Arrivals for more information.
If you eat local food, your meals will be more affordable. It is possible to eat in Tokyo under a budget of $15 USD a day, especially if you shop in some of the Japanese grocery stores and look at the small local restaurants. Though, if you want a high-quality and expensive meal, Japanese or Western, Tokyo has you covered with numerous Michelin-starred restaurants.
Whitney Zahar is originally from Virginia Beach, Virginia, and has always longed to travel, write, and make a difference in the world. She got her chance in 2009, when she started teaching English in South Korea. Currently, she lives in Taiwan, where she is an English editor for AMC Publishing, as well as participates in freelance fiction projects, and raises a beautiful active son named Preston. Follow her on Twitter at @WhitneyZahar.
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