The country of Nicaragua derives its name from Nicaro, the name of the Nahuatl-speaking tribe which inhabited the shores of Lago de Nicaragua before the Spanish conquest of the Americas, and the Spanish word Agua, meaning water, due to the presence of the large lakes Lago de Nicaragua (Cocibolca) and Lago de Managua (Xolotlan), as well as lagoons and rivers in the region. At the time of the Spanish conquest, Nicaragua was the name given to the narrow strip of land between Lake Nicaragua and the Pacific Ocean. This is the largest yet most sparsely populated country in Central America.
- El Salvador - Joya de Ceren Archaeological Site.
- Guatemala - Antigua City; Honduras - Maya Site of Copan.
- Nicaragua - Ruins of Leon Viejo.
- Birds, volcanoes, indigenous cultures.