The West African country of Ghana is full of outdoor activities, from surfing to biking to rock climbing and trekking. The weather's warm year-round, as the country is situated just above the equator. There's a variety of terrain, with the drier northern part being great for climbing and biking, and the southern part attracting surfers and those who want to lounge on the beach. These activities cater to both experts and beginners, with lessons available in many places and equipment for hire, so you don't need to bring it from home. Join a tour through Ghana (as well as other West African countries) or hire a private instructor/guide to get the most out of travel in this fascinating little country.
Although Ghana is one of the smaller African countries, there are still plenty of things to do. Tour the coastline in search of the best waves; head out for a bike ride through local villages, or rock climb your way through the country.
There's no better way to cool off in Ghana than to go surfing. The country is situated right on the Atlantic Ocean, making it a perfect place to practice your skills or try for the first time. Beginners will love the surf camps along the coastline. Spend the entire day learning how to surf and chill out at your lodging right on the beach at night.
Those who already have basic surf skills down may want to join a surf tour group. These take you along Ghana’s coast, seeking out the best spots from a local insider's perspective. You’ll be a pro in no time with all that time in the water.
If you'd like to see Ghana without getting wet, try biking instead. Head out with a guide along back roads and through small villages to see how the locals live. If you’re lucky, your tour might even stop in one of the villages to try the food and mingle with the people. For a unique twist on bike riding, rent a bamboo bike.
Ghana has many hills and mountains around the country, making it an ideal place for rock climbing. Hike from location to location as you climb challenging rock faces. There are also beautiful waterfalls to incorporate into your rock climbing itineraries.
Make sure you’re physically fit before signing up for a tour. Rock climbing takes strength and endurance, so build up to it before you go. Consider taking lessons at a local gym to learn the basics, and to get the most out of your trip to Ghana.
Planning Your Trip
Best Time to Visit Ghana
For outdoor activities, plan to visit Ghana during the drier months, typically November through March, when it tends to be less hot and humid. That means fewer mosquitoes, so one less thing you have to worry about. The roads will also be in better conditions for biking and generally getting around.
As Ghana has several different climates, it’s best to check the weather in the region you’re going to during that month. The southern part tends to have more rainfall, as it’s right by the coast. The northern region is typically drier year-round, but may also be hotter depending on the month.
What to Look for in a Tour in Ghana
Deciding what activity you want from your trip will determine when and where you go. Spend your time in the southern region if water sports or being near the beach are important to you. If you'd rather be in a drier climate, head to the mountains in the northern regions.
Also be sure to read reviews and research any tour providers you plan on booking with. These will give you insights into the quality of the provider.
Average Tour Cost in Ghana
Ghana is a small nation, and it's also surrounded by other small nations. A popular way of touring the region is to visit several neighboring countries. Tours that cover Ghana, Sierra Leone, Togo, and Benin cost a few thousand dollars, but they do run for a couple of months, for an epic adventure.
Shorter tours of around ten days to two weeks cost upwards of $1000, depending on the activities included.
If you're looking for overnight trips or tours shorter than one week to a specific location, these can normally be booked on the ground in Ghana. A number of day trip options are available in and around Accra, the capital city: everything from city tours to trips to wildlife parks and slave castles. Prices depend on the distance and activities included.
Packing Tips & Gear Rental
Check how the weather will be when you're there and pack appropriately. Bring a rain jacket and layers during the rainy seasons to protect yourself from getting soaked. During the drier months, bring light-colored, loose fitting clothes and plenty of sun protection.
Most tour companies will provide all the gear you need, but it’s always smart to check. Just make sure you’re wearing comfortable clothing you can move in for activities such as climbing and biking. A bathing suit is all you need for surfing and a change of clothes for after.
Health & Safety
Ghana can be very hot, so always make sure you have plenty of water with you and stay hydrated. It's also important to protect yourself from the sun, so always have sunscreen, sunglasses, and a hat with you.
To enter the country, you'll need a valid passport and a visa. Make sure to apply for your visa well in advance. It's also smart to make sure your passport is good for at least six months after your departure date from Ghana, as some countries can be picky about that.
Vaccinations are required when visiting Ghana. These include tetanus, typhoid, Hepatitis A and B, and cholera. Anti-malarial drugs are also highly recommended. A yellow fever vaccination certificate will be required for travelers over a year old. While you're there, take extra caution to avoid bug bites by protecting yourself.
Ghana does have some safety concerns, such as pickpocketing and robbery. But, staying in a group will help lower these risks. Don't take anything valuable out with you in public that you don't need. Put your valuables in a vault at your hotel, if possible.