Swaziland is a small developing country in Southern Africa and is bordered by South Africa and Mozambique. It boasts lively and beautiful festivals featuring traditional Swazi culture, stunning mountains, and valleys, and wildlife reserves that are home to the Big Five, the lion, elephant, rhino, buffalo, and leopard.
Swaziland is naturally diverse, with beautiful hills and waterfalls, mountains, rivers, and valleys, while exotic wildlife roams around in the African bush. The people are warm and welcoming, and students will find that they feel right at home the second they arrive. Unfortunately, Swaziland has the highest prevalence of HIV/AIDS in the world and is a country that is in dire need of volunteer work.
Swaziland is an ideal gap year location for students interested in learning the Swati language, wildlife, volunteering with HIV/AIDS patients, and partaking in adventure tours.Photo credit: René Clausen Nielsen
Students will find plenty of different opportunities in Swaziland based on their own interests. Some gap year ideas are:
- Learn Swati: Swati is the national language of Swaziland. Students can choose to take courses to learn Swati, which is a great way to culturally immerse themselves into the culture.
- Volunteer with HIV/AIDS Patients: Swaziland has the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence in the world. Volunteers can help at local hospitals and orphanages by doing various tasks like bringing food and taking care of patients by giving them the necessary medicine and treatment. This is a great way to make a huge impact on a country that needs a great deal of help.
- Wildlife Conservation: Despite its size, Swaziland boasts incredibly diverse wildlife. Volunteers can work with organizations to help protect the wildlife in nature reserves and elsewhere by doing various tasks and fieldwork throughout the country. Students can work alongside professionals and ecologists.
- Adventure Tour Guide: There are a ton of opportunities for adventure in Swaziland, which is why working with a tour company is a great idea for adrenaline junkies at heart! Students can work in white water rafting tours, tours that track rhinos on foot, and tours that go adventure caving.
- Teaching English: Students can teach English at local schools in local communities. This is a great way to impact the local community and lives of children.
- Community Development Volunteering: Students can work in local communities by building houses, volunteering in orphanages, and bringing food and necessary supplies to those in need.
Students can choose to do either a homestay or live in an apartment in Swaziland depending on how they spend their gap year. Living in an apartment will give students the freedom and independence they may need in order to have flexibility in their schedule. Housing may or may not be included in the program they choose.
Students who choose to do a homestay and live with a local family will gain insight into a local family's culture and traditions, learn the Swati language quickly, and experience a unique cultural exchange.
There are also guesthouses and lodges in Swaziland that students can choose to live in.
The wet season in Swaziland occurs from October to March. Mid-summer occurs during December, while mid-winter occurs during June, which is considered to be the dry season. The climate is generally wet in the mountains and dry in the lowlands.
Pack loose-fitting cotton clothes, a rain jacket, sneakers and flip flops to prepare for any type of weather while in Swaziland. Packing clothing that can be layered is generally a good idea, especially for students planning on moving around a lot in the country.
Swaziland is relatively cheap and affordable. Students can eat out at restaurants for less than $5, water is around $.50, a one-way ticket is around $.40 one way, and basic utilities for one month is $60.
Flying to Swaziland will be one of the student’s biggest expenses since flights can be quite costly. A one-way ticket to Swaziland from the US will cost around $1,000, depending on when you fly and where you fly from.
Students must keep in mind that any extra expenses such as medical insurance, toiletries, supplies, and equipment will set them back in their budget. Students should choose to buy local food and cook it themselves if they have a kitchen to cut costs, and avoid purchasing unnecessary items.
Mbabane is the capital of Swaziland and is also the administrative capital. It’s located on the Mbabane River and has one of the three campuses of the University of Swaziland.
Another popular city is Lobamba, the traditional and spiritual capital of Swaziland. It’s known for the National Museum of Swaziland and the Mlilwane Wildlife Sanctuary.
Manzini is another popular city in Swaziland, and is the capital of Swaziland’s Manzini Region. It’s known as “The Hub” and has Swaziland's primary industrial site.
US Citizens do not need a tourist visa when traveling to Swaziland for up to 30 days. The visa can be extended once in Swaziland. Students can learn more by visiting the Swaziland visa website.
Students wishing to stay for longer periods of time need to apply for a temporary residence visa.
There are no required vaccinations for Swaziland, but students should be up to date on any routine vaccinations. Students should talk to their healthcare provider to determine what’s best for them.
The tap water is unsafe for consumption in Swaziland, so students should always make sure they’re drinking from a sealed water bottle or using purification tablets. Students should make sure they’re always wearing sunscreen and bug spray to stay safe and healthy.
Students traveling to a country with yellow fever prevalence may have to show proof of yellow fever vaccination before arriving in Swaziland.
Swaziland is considered generally safe. Students should never walk around alone at night and should take care of their personal belongings and always leave them locked in a safe. Public protests and strikes are known to occur randomly in Swaziland, so students should stay up to date on any local demonstrations to stay safe.