From the grand boulevards of Paris to the palm tree-lined beachfront in Nice, France is an incredibly diverse country with plenty of opportunities for those considering a gap year abroad. Whether you are taking in art at the Louvre, visiting majestic castles in the Loire Valley, lounging on the Riviera along the Mediterranean, or hitting the slopes in the Alps, one thing that will never disappoint is the food—France’s internationally acclaimed cuisine earned itself a spot on UNESCO’s “intangible cultural heritage” list in 2010.
Delectable food, charming villages and lively cities, a varying landscape which includes snow-capped mountains, sandy beaches, and rocky cliffs, the center of fashion, and a thriving art scene—these are only a few of the reasons that make France a popular destination to spend a gap year abroad.
Types of Programs
For those wanting to take a gap year (or just a few “gap months”) learning French, there are a variety of short and long-term programs you can choose from in France. Language immersion program providers offer several options and welcome all language levels from total beginner to the more advanced. Some programs last a few weeks, while others last a full semester (3-4 months) or a full academic year. While most people may not look beyond Paris, there are programs in many cities around France such as Nice, Grenoble, Cannes, and Montpellier. Pick the program that feels right for you— don’t forget to consider program length, cost, and location.
Another popular choice for those considering a gap year in France is teaching English. Most places hiring native English speakers in France usually require their employees to have TEFL or TESOL certification. If you do not have TEFL/TESOL certification, you may want to look into taking a course and getting certified. TEFL/TESOL certification courses are offered worldwide and online. Several TEFL certification courses are available in various cities in France, including Paris, Toulouse, Lyon, Nice, and Montpelier. Once you pass the certification course (which usually lasts about a month), you can start applying for teaching jobs in France.
If you do not want to get TEFL certified, you can also apply to the Teaching Assistant Program in France (TAPIF) run by the French Ministry of Education, which assigns native English speakers a 12 hour per week teaching schedule in elementary or secondary schools. The program runs from October to April, and you must have a B1 level of French and be between 20 and 30 years of age. You can also give private lessons and advertise your services at a local Internet café or supermarket or online.
Internships are another great way to improve your French and gain professional experience, not to mention they look very impressive on a résumé. Internships are typically reserved for college and grad students and are seldom paid since they are usually done for school credit. Certain organizations like Cultural Embrace by API will help you find an internship placement in your field of interest and guide you through the application process. If you are considering getting an internship in France, you should have an intermediate to advanced level of French.
Planning Your Trip
Cost of Living in France
Living in France, especially in Paris, can be very expensive. Paris' housing prices are similar to what you would find in major American cities like New York City. Currently, rent prices in Paris are at 25-30 euros per square meter. Expect to pay between 500-600 euros for a one-bedroom apartment in France. You will probably pay between 60-100 euros a month and for Internet about 30 euros a month (if you aren’t living with roommates) for utilities. Outside of Paris, the cost of living tends to be cheaper. Certain things like clothes and electronics are much more expensive in France, but on the bright side, wine and cheese are a lot cheaper!
Culture and Etiquette in France
French people greet each other by doing la bise: greeting each other with a kiss on each cheek. This greeting applies to two girls greeting each other, a guy and a girl, and occasionally two guys will greet each other this way if they are good friends or family. If you are meeting a large group of French people for the first time, you will be expected to do la bise with every single one! If French people come across as distant and cold when first meeting them, don’t take it personally. It takes a while for the French to warm up to strangers, but once you have been invited into their homes, you will have made a friend for life. Also, never show up early when invited to a French person’s house. It is considered rude to show up on time—arrive about fifteen to twenty minutes late.
Always address people who are not friends or family by the formal “Vous.” Friends and close acquaintances are addressed by informal “tu.”
When entering a store, always greet the employee with a “Bonjour.” When you leave, don’t forget to say “Au revoir.” Avoid wearing sweatpants and leggings in public unless you are going for a run. French people dress with style over comfort in mind, so definitely no wearing your pajamas while running out to buy the newspaper!
Try not to ask, “Do you speak English?” in English. You expect foreign tourists visiting the United States to know a few basic phrases in English, right? The French expect the same of tourists knowing a few basic phrases of French when visiting France.
Health and Safety in France:
France is a relatively safe country, but the usual rules apply when traveling to any foreign place: use good judgment and err on the side of caution. Pick-pocketing and residential break-ins are the two most common crimes directed against foreign visitors. Be extra vigilant in heavily frequented tourist sites such as museums, train stations, the subway, and national monuments. Never leave your belongings unattended. Women should especially be careful when walking alone at night—try to walk with a friend if possible. Women should also avoid prolonged eye contact and smiling at men they do not know in the street or public transportation. Men in France tend to take this as a sign of interest and use it as an excuse to approach you, which may lead to an uncomfortable situation. For more detailed information about health and safety in France, you can consult the U.S. Department of State's website.
Why Take a Gap Year in France?
France ranks consistently as the most visited country in the world and for a good reason. Unsurpassed opportunities to eat first-rate cuisine for foodies, unparalleled art exhibitions for museum lovers, diverse topography permits sports enthusiasts to challenge their limits, and quintessential European cafés for those that like to sit and people watch. France has something to offer for everyone—no wonder it is the most visited country!
Contributed by Amélie Milet
Gap Year Programs in France
View the latest job postings on our job board. A great way to earn work experience during your gap year!
What much does it cost to take a gap year in France?
France has a relatively high cost of living, especially in cities like Paris and Nice. Fortunately, there are work exchange and au pair opportunities to lower the price of a gap year for those on a tight budget. The total cost of a gap year in France will depend on the program and activities you do during the gap experience.
What are the most popular gap year programs in France?
Popular gap year programs in France include studying art history, taking culinary courses, and adventurous activities like becoming a ski instructor or learning to surf. Additionally, France is a popular place for au pairs to spend time abroad and learn about French culture while living with a family.
How do I get an au pair visa for France?
As of 2019, France changed their visa process for au pairs. Prior to 2019, au pairs applied under the student visa umbrella, but now they have their own designation: Jeune Au Pair. If you plan on staying for fewer than 90 days you will not need a visa. Otherwise, you'll need to make an appointment at a French consulate to apply for the au pair visa.
How much do au pairs make in France?
The stipend au pairs are paid in France will vary, but you can expect to receive between 280 and 500 euros per month.