For many people, it can be very frustrating to look at the requirements for English teaching jobs abroad and find that most organizations will only hire native English speakers. In fact, most providers and schools want potential teachers to not only be native English speakers but to come from a specific list of English speaking countries, namely, the United States, UK, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and Canada.
This list very noticeably excludes countries such as India and the Philippines, among many others, where English is spoken widely and often considered an official language. Not to mention, it of course also excludes anyone who has learned English over the years even though it is not their first language.
While some of these requirements are set by individual providers, most English-language hiring requirements come directly from the country itself. Nations such as Vietnam and Indonesia are perfect examples of countries with such requirements. But while it may be harder to find potential jobs as a non-native English speaker, don’t fret because there are options!
Why do certain countries limit English teaching positions to native speakers?
It often can seem unfair (and potentially even discriminatory) that many countries only want first language speakers to teach English. The reason for these hiring requirements is often an effort to recruit highly qualified teachers who are guaranteed to be fluent in English. But this of course overlooks the thousands and thousands of teachers from all over the world who are fluent in English, experienced in the classroom, and overall highly qualified to teach anywhere.
But rather than focusing your attention on getting a new passport or convincing the education departments of these countries that you’re an excellent teacher, you’d be wise to direct your efforts into applying for jobs in countries where non-native speakers are welcomed and celebrated. So before you throw in the towel on your job search, take a look at these 8 locations where non-native speakers can teach English abroad.
Where can I teach abroad as a non-native English speaker?
The following countries and regions offer opportunities for non-native English speakers to teach English abroad. While the requirements vary and some destinations may not require a TEFL certification, there are several great reasons to get certified. All in all, though, a positive attitude and enthusiasm for teaching are two of the most important attributes to have, native speaker or not.
Teach in Cambodia
- Average monthly salary range: $1,000 to $1,200
- Average monthly cost of living: $600 to $1,100
Out of all the countries in Southeast Asia, Cambodia is the easiest place to find a job teaching English. Cambodia's requirements are much less strict than its neighbors. The government does not require a TEFL, four-year college degree, or proof of native-speaker residence to find a job. However, since you're not a native speaker, a degree and a TEFL will definitely help you land a position.
Unfortunately, since Cambodia has lower barriers to entry than its neighbors Thailand and Vietnam, Cambodian teaching salaries are also lower. Even so, the cost of living isn't very high in Cambodia and you should be able to support yourself with your Cambodian teaching salary, with a little leftover to travel around Southeast Asia during your vacation time.
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Teach in Turkey
- Average monthly salary range:$1,000 to $1,800
- Average monthly cost of living: $500 to $600
If you have a four-year degree, teaching abroad in Turkey is an option for many nationalities. EU citizens will have the easiest time working in Turkey, however, teachers from non-member European nations can apply as well.
Finally, Turkey may also accept teachers from Central and South America. If you're a non-native speaker from outside the EU, it's best to have some sort of teaching experience or participate in a Skype call to convince schools to hire you.
Read more: Guide: Teach English in Istanbul, Turkey
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Teach in Thailand
- Average monthly salary range: $850 to $2,500
- Average monthly cost of living: $1,000 to $2,000
Thailand is one of the best places to teach abroad as a non-native speaker. As long as you possess an OEIC score of 600+ or an IELTS score of 5+ and a four-year college degree, you are eligible. (If these acronyms seem like alphabet soup, check out our guide to language fluency tests around the world.)
While the government does not require a TEFL certificate or equivalent, as a non-native speaker, you may want to get a TEFL to improve your chances of finding a job (and yes, you can take a TEFL course as a non-native speaker). You can also read more about how to teach legally in Thailand here.
The pay in Thailand may not be as high as in South Korea, Vietnam, or the Gulf countries, but the cost of living is very low, especially in the North. Spend your spare time laying on the beach, hiking waterfalls, or gorging on pad thai.
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Teach in China
- Average monthly salary range: $1,200 to $3,500
- Average monthly cost of living: $380 to $1,000
The rules around who can legally teach in China seem to change regularly, but as it stands, non-native English speakers can find jobs here. In fact, the ESL market in China is booming, and there are too few qualified teachers to fill positions. Because of this, many schools will hire non-native speakers and host you on a business visa. You can also find part-time jobs as a student, or teach for a few months on a tourist visa. These workarounds are used when applicants can't legally qualify for a work visa.
As it stands, non-native speakers must have a bachelor's or master's degree earned in an English-speaking country. While degrees in English, linguistics, or education are preferred, they aren't mandatory.
The bad news about being a non-native English teacher in China is that there still is a stigma. You might find that your employer lies to your students' parents about you being a native speaker so that they can charge more for your classes. You also may find that it's easier to find a job if you have a more Westernized accent. This hierarchy of teacher nationalities is certainly not ideal, but if you've always dreamed of living in China then the option exists to turn it into a reality!
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Teach in Japan
- Average monthly salary range: $1,700 to $5,000
- Average monthly cost of living: $1,300 to $2,200
It is possible to get a job in Japan as a non-native speaker, but it's not easy.
If you can prove you've received twelve consecutive years of English-only education, and you have a four-year college degree (in English), you may be eligible for a job in Japan. This is great for those who have grown up attending international schools and possibly received their degree abroad in the U.S., Canada, or the U.K.
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Teach in Central and South America
- Average monthly salary range: Varies by country
- Average monthly cost of living: Varies by country, search for your desired location on Numbeo
Latin America is one region where, generally speaking, citizenship from a native English-speaking country is not a major factor in determining whether you can get hired to teach English. Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, and Peru are some of the best places to start in Latin America.
However, you will need a TESOL, TEFL, or CELTA certificate to teach just about anywhere in Latin America. Many employers will accept an online TEFL Certificate, but the best option is generally an in-country, in-person certification course that includes job search assistance. This helps teachers make local connections, increasing the opportunities to get hired.
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Teach in Europe
- Average monthly salary range: Varies by country, but can fall anywhere between $900 to $1,800
- Average monthly cost of living: Varies by country, search for your desired location on Numbeo
For teachers who are a member of the EU, you may be able to find a job teaching an another EU country. This is because schools won't need to worry about visas. Most EU citizens can work legally in other EU nations, provided they possess excellent English skills.
If you're from the EU you may also be able to get a job in non-member countries in Eastern Europe.
Generally, prospective teachers will need a bachelor's degree and TEFL certificate to teach in Europe. Some language academies prefer the CELTA such as International House, a well-known language school chain across the world.
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- Average monthly salary range: $10 to $20
Teaching English online is a wonderful way to transverse borders without having to be concerned with passports and visas. For folks who may be coming from countries that are not internationally recognized for their English language schooling, this can be a great way to connect with students from around the world, all from your own couch.
In fact, teaching English online in China is a very popular option because of the demand for teachers. But there are options all over the world, so if you go this route, you may actually have more choices than deciding to go in-person. However, it's important to note that the major companies such as VIPKid, Magic Ears, and Gogogkid don't employ non-native speakers. Options with other online ESL companies do exist though, so be sure to check them out!
Read more: How to Teach English Online
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Tips for finding a job
Now that you have a long list of countries to consider, here are some top tips for finding a job as a non-native speaker.
1. Get experience
Schools want to know that you'll be a good teacher, and without the native-speaker guarantee, experience is the best proof. The more experience you have teaching the better. How do you get experience if no one will hire you? Get a job volunteer teaching for a few months. You can volunteer abroad or at a local community center before leaving home.
Keep in mind, a company looking to hire a business English teacher will not be impressed that you worked in a kindergarten, and after-school English programs for kids don't care that you tutored high schoolers in ESL. Make sure your experience lines up with the kind of teaching job you eventually want to have.
2. Network, network, network
Networking is one of the most important tools in your kit when it comes to finding any job. Consider moving to the country you want to teach English in and make connections with people who are already teaching English. Additionally, reach out to your family and friends in your home country to see if anyone you know has taught abroad in your dream destination country. Connections are key when it comes to landing a job.
3. Take the TOEFL or equivalent
In order to prove your grasp of the language, it's a great idea to take the IELTs or TOEFL tests. These are accredited tests that employers in the TEFL industry are familiar with. If you can get a score that shows you are fluent, this will help prove your legitimacy as having the same level of English as a native speaker. Duolingo also offers a free English proficiency test that is becoming more widely accepted by universities and may be of interest to future employers.
4. Get TEFL certified
While not every country requires a TEFL, getting certified will help prove to employers that you're a qualified candidate. Not only is the TEFL a valuable tool that will help you learn how to teach English abroad, but it will also give schools one more reason to hire you! You can find a full list of in-country and online TEFL courses here.
Can't do in-person? There is a load of reputable and comprehensive online TEFL courses out there.
5. Request a video interview
If you can't interview in person, Zoom or Skype is the next best thing. Letting an employer hear your voice is the best way to convince them that you have a firm grasp of the English language. It may also calm any concerns that your accent may pose an issue.
Use being a non-native speaker to your advantage
While many countries have legitimate reasons for wanting to hire native speakers, the reality is that many of the best language teachers are non-native speakers themselves. Learning a language is a daunting process that takes years of practice, and for folks who have done that, they often have a better grasp on what students typically struggle with and they'll have tips and tricks to pass on. Native speakers, on the other hand, may not even know a preposition from an article because they never actively learned English.
When applying to teaching jobs abroad, use being a non-native speaker to your advantage. Talk about your own process of learning the language and how that would inform your teaching style. You don't need to have been born in a certain nation in order to be fluent in English, so apply with confidence and explore the options that are feasible to you!